At Syler, we are proud to assist the LGBTQ community attain their family hopes and dreams! There are various ways LGBTQ people can start a family through IVF, donor insemination, surrogacy and adoption.
IVF & donor Insemination
In vitro fertilization, also known as IVF, is the process where an egg and sperm are introduced in a laboratory and then placed into the uterus. On the other hand, donor insemination a procedure where sperm in injected in the uterus or cervix when a person is ovulating to fertilize an egg. When engaging in donor insemination, the donor can be a known or unknown person. Insemination can be done in a medical facility or a person's home.
Transgender men and women can freeze their eggs and sperm to be used for insemination. A transgender woman (MTF) can have her sperm frozen before medical transition. A transgender male (FTM) can preserve their eggs to be used for IVF. In addition, if he's retained his female reproductive organs, he can carry a child.
Surrogacy is an agreement where a person carries a baby for another individual or couple. There are 2 types of surrogates, gestational or traditional:
- Gestational Surrogacy: A fertilized or donated egg is placed in the surrogate's cervix.
- Traditional Surrogacy: Surrogate uses and donates their own eggs.
Similar to sperm donations, egg donations can be known or unknown. For couples, decisions need to be made who's sperm will be used in the surrogacy.
foster care & Adoption
For people who are interested in foster care and adoption, there are various ways to adopt a child(ren). Considerations include:
- Public Agencies: Entities funded by the federal government that allow people to become foster or adoptive parents.
- Private Agencies: Organizations that are regulated by states that charge a fee for their services.
- Open Adoption: Both biological and adoptive family are known to each other and communicate about the contact between the child and biological parent.
- Closed Adoption: The biological parent isn't shared with the adoptive family or child.
This information was originally published on the National LGBT Health Education Center website.